Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system that disrupts nerve cell activity in the brain, leading to seizures or periods of strange behavior. This condition is often associated with grand mal seizures, but people with epilepsy can stare blankly, fall asleep, or simply have a mild twitch in their legs or arms. These are also seizures but are less obvious than a grand mal.
The diversity of the condition creates a very dangerous situation for patients with epilepsy because they have no control over the behavior. It’s hard to predict when a seizure will hit or how it will manifest. This prohibits them from driving, perhaps playing certain sports or even swimming for pleasure.
The underlying cause of the epilepsy isn’t always clear and varies from patient to patient. For some, it’s a condition linked to specific genes, so it runs in families. For others, head trauma is the culprit. There are also brain conditions and diseases that can bring on sudden epilepsy such as a tumor, stroke, or infection. Seizure disorders like epilepsy appear to be closely linked to developmental disorders, as well, such as autism.
While doctors may not understand epilepsy fully, there are risk factors to consider such as:
The vagus nerve stimulator is sometimes called a pacemaker for the brain; a vagus nerve stimulator implantation might be an effective treatment for some patients with epilepsy. The vagus nerve is the longest nerve of your autonomic system, meaning it helps control subconscious functions such as your heartbeat and breathing. Your neck serves as a conduit for this large nerve, as it travels from your brain to your chest. This makes it easily accessible with surgery.
With a vagus nerve stimulator implantation, Dr. List places a device near that nerve and threads wires to connect with it. Once activated, the device sends electrical signals to the brain to reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures. This is a practical solution for patients who don’t respond to any other medical intervention to control their epilepsy.
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